Rats and mice
The adult common rat may weigh from 100-500g and has brown fur on its back and grey underneath; its tail is shorter than its head and body. The common rat is the most abundant and widespread species and can be found anywhere that offers shelter and food, including sewers. Rats are active mainly at night but may be seen in search of food and water during the day. The life expectancy of rats is around one year during which a female will typically breed up to 5 times. The average size of a litter is 7 to 8 young. Breeding occurs throughout the year but especially in the spring and autumn.
Rats are a major hazard to health. They spread many forms of disease, some of which can be fatal to man such as Weils' Disease. They may eat food which is intended for human consumption and they often damage much more which has to be discarded. Through their gnawing habit they also cause considerable structural damage to woodwork, water pipes, electric cables etc.
If rats are nesting and breeding on your property and you want to destroy them you may wish to consider one of the following options:
- If you remove all food sources rats should vacate within 2 weeks.
- You can treat the rats with rodenticides which can be purchased from most hardware stores or agricultural suppliers and always follow the manufacturers advice. Take particular care over the location and quantity of rodenticide used. Where possible remove any food supply to which the rats have access prior to and during treatment. Such sources may include excess bird food and food waste in compost heaps.
- We can carry out rat treatment for a fee. If you would like use our service telephone 01935 462462 or use enquiry form below.
If the Council is treating on domestic premises we will expect co-operation from the occupier. This may mean no feeding of birds for the duration of the treatment or specific instructions regarding the rodenticides etc.
If any rats have gained access to your property we would advise you to consider having at least one smoke detector fitted at the top of the stairs/hallway if you don't already have one, as rats may damage wiring hence the potential risk of fire.
Warning: When using rodenticides, always follow the instructions on the label and, importantly, search for and dispose of any dead rodents in a safe manner
Mice can be found in buildings as they seek the warmth and shelter for nesting sites and food.
Signs of mouse activity include:
- Mice droppings - often black, rod-shaped and 3-6mm long. Fresh droppings will be soft and moist. Each mouse can leave approximately 80 droppings per day. Common places to find mouse droppings are under the kitchen sink, around central heating boilers and in roof spaces.
- Smear marks - dark grey marks left on surfaces by repeated contact with the oil in mouse fur.
- Nests - mice gnaw continually on materials such as wood, carpets, paper, pipe cables and furniture. Check for damage to foodstuffs in cupboards.
- If you decide to carry out the work yourself, you can buy amateur use poisons and traps from a hardware store or garden centre.
- We can carry out treatment for a fee. If you would like use our service telephone 01935 462462 or use enquiry form at bottom of page.
Warning: When using rodenticides, always follow the instructions on the label and, importantly, search for and dispose of any dead rodents in a safe manner.